Saturday, June 2, 2018

Basic English Grammar Rules

Some of the most basic and important English grammar rules relate directly to sentence structure. These rules specify that:
  • A singular subject needs a singular predicate.
  • A sentence needs to express a complete thought.
Another term for a sentence is an independent clause: 
  • Clauses, like any sentence, have a subject and predicate too. If a group of words does not have a subject and predicate, it is a phrase.
  • If a clause can stand alone and make a complete thought, then it is independent and can be called a sentence.
  • If clauses do not express a complete thought, they are called dependent clauses. An example of a dependent clause, which is not a sentence, is “when I finish my work.” A dependent clause needs an independent clause to make it whole.

Subjects and Predicates

Basic to any language is the sentence, which expresses a complete thought and consists of a subject and a predicate.
  • The subject is the star of the sentence; the person, animal, or thing that is the focus of it. 
  • The predicate will tell the action that the subject is taking or tell something about the subject.

Friday, June 1, 2018

Basic English Phrases

These first eight phrases can be used in many different situations.

1. Thanks so much.

This is a simple sentence you can use to thank someone.
To add detail, say:
Thanks so much + for + [noun] / [-ing verb].
For example:
Thanks so much for the birthday money.
Thanks so much for driving me home.

2. I really appreciate…

You can also use this phrase to thank someone. For example, you might say:
I really appreciate your help.
Or you can combine #1 and #2:
Thanks so much for cooking dinner. I really appreciate it.
Thanks so much. I really appreciate you cooking dinner.

3. Excuse me.

When you need to get through but there’s someone blocking your way, say “Excuse me.”
You can also say this phrase to politely get someone’s attention. For example:
Excuse me sir, you dropped your wallet.
Excuse me, do you know what time it is?

4. I’m sorry.

Use this phrase to apologize, whether for something big or small. Use “for” to give more detail. For example:
I’m sorry for being so late.
I’m sorry for the mess. I wasn’t expecting anyone today.
You can use “really” to show you’re very sorry for something:
I’m really sorry I didn’t invite you to the party.

5. What do you think?

When you want to hear someone’s opinion on a topic, use this question.
I’m not sure if we should paint the room yellow or blue. What do you think?

Saturday, March 31, 2018

Interrupting

    Interrupting politely
      Excuse me,
      Pardon me,
      Sorry to interrupt,
      May I interrupt (for a minute)?
      Can I add something here?
      I don't mean to intrude, but . . .
      Could I inject something here?
      Do you mind if I jump in here?
    Getting back to the topic
      Anyway,
      Now, where was I?
      Where were we?
      What were you saying?
      You were saying . . .
      To get back to . . .

Friday, March 30, 2018

Clarifying

    Clarifying your own ideas
      In other words,
      What I mean is . . .
      What I'm trying to say is . . .
      What I wanted to say was . . .
      To clarify,
    Asking for Clarification
      What do you mean (by that)?
      What are you trying to say?
      What was that again?
      Could you clarify that?
    Clarifying another's ideas

      You mean . . .

      What you mean is . . .

      What you're saying is . . .

      (I think) what she means is . . .

      What he's trying to say is . . .

      If I understand you, (you're saying that . . . )
      If I'm hearing you correctly,
      So, you think (that) . . .
      So, your idea is . . 

Sunday, March 25, 2018

Elaborating

    Asking for Elaboration
      Could you elaborate (on that)?
      Could you tell me a little more about it?
      Could you give (me) some details?
      Could you fill me in on that?
      Could you expound on that?
      What else can you tell us (about that)?
      Is there anything else you can tell us?
      Is there more to it?
    Elaborating
      To elaborate,
      To give you more information,
      Let me explain.
      Let me elaborate.
      Let me tell you a little more (about it).
      Let me give you some details.
      What's more,