Friday, August 12, 2016


A lot of - much - many :
  • A lot of :

    • A lot of can be used in all sentences: affirmative, negative and interrogative.
  • Much - many : 

    • Much is used with uncountable nouns (for example: 'much English')
    • Many is used with countable nouns (for example : 'many words').
    • Much and many are used in negative and interrogative sentences.
      They are rarely used in affirmative sentences, except:

      • If they begin a sentence:
        Many people believe all they hear.
        Much of what was said was confusing.
      • If they are preceded by ‘so’, ‘as’ and ‘too’ 
            and in some expressions with ‘very’:
        There was much noise.
        - There was so much noise that I couldn’t hear very well.
        We ate many cherries.
        - You can eat as many cherries as you like.
        They gave us much information.
        - They gave us too much information.
        - I enjoyed the film very much. 
      • In formal or written English.
        In affirmative sentences much and many are more often used in formal or
        written English whereas a lot of/ lots of are more common in conversational English.
        For example, much and many are generally used in newspaper reports and headlines.
We learn a lot of English.I don't know a lot of English.Do you learn a lot of English?
I make a lot of mistakes.I don't know much English.Do you know much English?
Much of our food is exported.I don't know a lot of words.Do you make a lot of mistakes?
Many people drive too fast.I don't know many words.Do you make many mistakes?

Compare a lot of and a lot :
  • Tom knows a lot of vocabulary.
  • Charlie is talkative. He talks a lot.

No comments:

Post a Comment